I’ve been looking at community militias in Borno state in northeast Nigeria since 2016 (since 2013 in some ways!) so it’s a particular pleasure for this publication based on research and work I’ve done for the Center for Civilians in Conflict to be out.

Over the last decade, community militias have played key roles in the conflict in northeast Nigeria, protecting civilians from a range of threats including attacks, abduction, sexual and gender-based violence, and extortion. At the same time, these groups have been responsible for harm against civilians. This report takes an in-depth look at the role of community militias in the conflict in northeast Nigeria, capping off research since 2016. The report also provides recommendations for federal and state governments, donors, and NGOs to mitigate harm to civilians in the present and encourage the successful reintegration and social cohesion of community militia members.

You can read the full report here.