Following on from my previous work on the intersections between climate change and security in the Lake Chad Basin, I looked at climate security in Mali for the Climate Security Expert Network:

The majority of Mali’s regions are currently affected by violent conflict. At the same time, Mali’s climate is changing. It is already experiencing increasing temperatures and significant inter-annual and decadal rainfall variability, leading to repeated droughts, floods, strong winds, and bush fires. Conflict and climate change are combining to affect livelihoods and put resilience under strain in five ways:
1. Rent-seeking behaviour negatively affects environmental degradation and conflict dynamics
2. Conflict-insensitive climate and environmental action increases grievances
3. Migration is both a resilience strategy and source of tension
4. Conflicts over natural resources are likely to increase
5. Climate change and conflict both undermine livelihoods and social cohesion